Ronciglione is a small and ancient town located in the Cimini mountains, over two tufa scarps, on the south-eastern slope of Lake Vico. The economy is based mostly on agricolture, with major production of hazelnuts, chestnuts and wines.
The most ancient document mentioning Ronciglione dates to 1103, but for the historians the foundations were set around 1045 d.c. In 1526 Ronciglione became a possession of the Farnese family, and lived its period of greatest splendour.
Ronciglione has one of the most beautiful Medieval borgos of central Italy, built on a hill protected from three sides by a deep gorge. The road leading from Rome enters the town through an ancient gate.
Ronciglione is dominated by two large buildings: the castle of Della Rovere called “I Torrioni”, built by Pope Sixtus IV, and the Duomo, designed by Rinaldi in 1660. The many Mediaval churches are: Santa Maria della Providenza (11th century) restored in Baroque style, the ruins of Saint Andrew (12th-13th century) and Saint Maria della Pace.
Ronciglione also offers many folkloristic events throughout the year, but the most popular is The Carnival beginning on February 17th until March 8th. This is one of the oldest in central Italy and is characterized by a parade of allergoric chariots with masks and costumes and a horse race with no jockeys. Another popular event is the festa of Saint Bartolomeo (aug.25th), patron of Ronciglione.